toki pona epansa


Toki Pona is a minimalisot artificial language with only 123 root words created by Sonja Lang, aka. Sonja Elen Kisa.
The official site tokipona.org is now mainly publicity for the official book, aka. 'pu'.

The word 'kipisi' (to cut) didn't make it into 'pu', but it was once mentioned on the official website.
Some words were taken together in 'pu', but for most Tokiponians, they have distinct meanings.
And finally some word meanings were a bit altered in 'pu' in comparison to their usage by the TP community.

Two community words 'apeja' (shame) and 'monsuta' (monster) were never officialized and aren't in 'pu', but both are largely known.
Some older TP words, like 'leko' (block, stairs) , 'majuna' (old) and 'pata' (brother, sister) are also widely accepted.

I've created an expansion ('epansa') for toki pona, I deem necessary:

'luka en noka' (20 = number of digits on hands and feet)
'kento' (100)
'mila' (1000)

'kilo' (kilo)
'lita' (liter)
'meta' (meter)

'sekonto' (second)
'minuta' (minute)
'sa' (hour < from Swahili 'saa')

ni li epansa nanpa wan. epansa ni li wile tawa mi.
This is the first expansion. This expansion is necessary to me.

Toki Pona SIL request for a language code has been turned down anno 2007 , especially for not having larger numbers.
The same argument was used when closing down the Toki Pona wikipedia...

2017 = tu mila luka luka luka tu
1972 = mila luka tu tu kento tu wan luka en noka luka luka tu
7 000 000 000 = luka tu mila mila mila
3,14 = tu wan en nanpa wan nanpa tu tu
70% = tu wan luka en noka luka luka pi kento


epansa nanpa tu
Finally, I would consider adding

''puku'' (book, literacy, literature, literary),
''konpu'' (computer, electronics, electronical, chip) and
''tele'' (television, movie, film, cinema, cinematographic).

maybe also

''mapa'' (map)
''leson'' (lesson)
''intenetu'' (internet)
''uniwesita'' (university, universitary)

epansa nanpa tu li pona tawa mi.
The second expansion is good for me.


epansa nanpa tu wan
I've also considered to introduce

''mele'' (mail, post)
''ajuta'' (help) < Italian 'aiuta'
''inpo'' (info)

and more recently

''tana'' (idea, concept) < Swahili 'dhana'
''pesa'' (part, piece) < Portuguese peça < from Latin *petia < from Celtic *petya cfr. pièce(fr), piece (en), pezza (it)
''kuju'' (form, shape) < Estonian 'kuju'
''elenko'' (list) < Italian 'elenco'
''talika'' (list) < Bengali [talika]
''sito'' (site) < Italian 'sito'
''konlan'' (conlang) < English 'conlang'

epansa nanpa tu wan li ken tawa mi.
The third expansion is possible for me.

These expansions would mean to go well beyond the 120 root words, but the first Toki Pona presentation mid-2001 stated :

Toki Pona! The Natural, Simple Language. Toki Pona is a cute, pidgin-like language designed to express basic human realities by reducing words and ideas to their most simple and universal meanings and avoiding unnecessary complexity. Inspired by the principles of Taoism and primitivism, the entire language has only 14 sounds and under 200 words.

Even when implementing all three expansions we are still below this 200 word level...



Toki Pona has reached a final consacration with the Oxford dictionaries blog article
Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words?
by Simon Thomas on March 27, 2018.

I recommand:

Wikibooks: The 123 Toki Pona official words [local pdf]

Classic Word List online

Dave's TP vocabulary list

Toki Pona sign language by Chuff

Toki Pona - Visual Dictionary (this site doesn't work on all browsers, but works fine on Chrome and Brave)

A toki pona > English interactive dictionary (this site uses Adobe Flash)

Memrise - Toki Pona complete vocabulary course

Some of the newiest TP courses:

jan Pije's online Toki Pona course

jan Lope's PDF course : Toki Pona (2005) for over a decade the most known reference [local pdf]

jan Lope's PDF course : Toki Pona - The Simplest Language in the World (2018)

Eliazar Parra Cárdenas' Toki Pona in 76 lessons (PDF in English)

jan Mato's Twitter Toki Pona lessons

Toki Pona - Lessons and Dictionary

Lessons of Toki Pona on Google Docs

Dave Raftery's Simple toki pona lessons (2013)

Toki Pona short lessons in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Esperanto

Reddit - O kama sona e toki pona 2012 old Reddit [new Reddit]

Some Presentations of Toki Pona

Toki Pona presentation slides

Langfocus - Toki Pona: The Language of Good 2018 short video

Toki Pona, the 120-Word Language - Christopher Huff at the Polyglot Gathering Berlin 2014 long video

Video of Toki Pona presentation in Esperanto in SecondLife by Bergino Dale 2008 on Vimeo
(BTW: the shown picture of jan Sonja is an error)

Fingtam Languages - Learn Toki Pona for 2 weeks to boost your language learning skills

Reddit University - Learn toki pona in a fortnight

Toki Pona Community

toki pona central hub

tokilili microblog service